COALspot.com keeps you connected across the coal world
  • OCT 2019 INDONESIAN COAL PRICE REFERENCE FOR EXPORTS AND DOMESTIC BUYERS INCLUDING POWER PRODUCERS FIXED AT US$ 64.80 A TON
  • SHARE YOUR CORPORATE COAL & SHIPPING NEWS WITH US - NEWS@COALSPOT.COM
  • WE WELCOME ARTICLE SUBMISSIONS FROM EXPERTS IN THE AREAS OF COAL, MINING, SHIPPING, ETC.

Submit Your Articles
We welcome article submissions from experts in the areas of coal, mining, shipping, etc.

To Submit your article please click here.

International Energy Events


WTI Crude Oil

BRENT Crude Oil

Search News
Latest CoalNews Headlines
Tuesday, 26 June 18
"ALWAYS ACCESSIBLE": ARRIVAL, DEPARTURE OR BOTH? - INCE & CO
Ince & CoKNOWLEDGE TO ELEVATE

An “always accessible” berth warranty is often used by an owner to transfer the risk of delays in berthing to a charterer. The Commercial Court has now settled the debate as to whether that warranty also transfers the risk of delays in departing the berth post the completion of cargo operations to the charterer. The Court concluded that it did.
 
The background facts
The Vessel was chartered for a voyage from the US Gulf to the Republic of Congo and Angola, on an amended GENCON 1994 form which, amongst other things, provided:
 
“10. Loading port or place (Cl.1)
1 good safe berth always afloat always accessible 1-2 good safe ports in the USG in Charterers’ option …”
 
While the Vessel was loading, a bridge and lock were damaged with the result that the Vessel was unable to leave the berth for 14 days following the completion of loading. The Owners sought damages for detention from the Charterers and relied on what they said was a breach by the Charterers of the “always accessible” warranty. The dispute went to arbitration.
 
As the two party-appointed arbitrators could not agree, the claim was determined by an Umpire, who decided that the “always accessible” warranty given by the Charterers was not an undertaking that the Vessel would also be able to leave the berth. From the judgment, it appears that the Umpire’s decision was influenced by:
 
a. London Arbitration 11/97 (1997) LMLM 463, in which the Tribunal inferred “that charterers agreeing “always accessible” terms were under an obligation to provide a berth which was available immediately on arrival, but that that particular regime did not apply after the ship was actually in the berth”. This inference was drawn from the fact that: (i) the textbooks considered ignored the possible application of “always accessible” to the departure of a vessel from a berth; and (ii) the Voylayrules 1993 made no reference to a vessel leaving a berth or a port; and
 
b. The fact that the dictionary definition of “accessible” was concerned with access to rather than access from the berth.
 
The Owners were granted leave to appeal the Umpire’s decision pursuant to section 69 of the Arbitration Act 1996 on the ground that the question of law that arose was of general public importance. The Commercial Court subsequently had to decide whether the warranty in a voyage charterparty that a berth is “always accessible” means that the vessel is always able not only to enter, but also to leave, the berth.
 
The Court held that the Umpire’s decision was wrong in law. Where a charterer warrants that a berth is “always accessible”, they are warranting that the vessel will always be able to enter and leave the berth. In particular, the Court stated as follows:
 
a. The point was not decisive in London Arbitration 11/97 and that decision had not always been free from question when commentaries referred to it.
 
b. The Baltic Code 2003, 2007 and 2014 and the Laytime Definitions for Charterparties 2013 refer to the vessel’s departure from the berth.
 
c. If a wider selection of dictionaries was considered, then capable of “use” or usability could be found among the available meanings of accessibility and “use” was a word that could readily include departure. While this was not conclusive, it suggested that a dictionary alone cannot resolve a point of interpretation.
 
d. The question was whether the parties intended to provide for departure in the wording that they used. Where commercial parties addressed the question of the accessibility of a berth, there was no reason to conclude that they should be taken to have addressed entry alone. The reasonable commercial party looking at the subject of berthing would bear all aspects in mind and not confine themselves to getting into the berth. That was decisive.
 
e. There was a useful vocabulary from which parties could choose if “always accessible” applied to departures as well as entry and if “reachable on arrival” applied to entry alone.
 
Comment
As a result of this judgment, there is now a distinct difference between a warranty that the berth will be “reachable on arrival” and a warranty that the berth will be “always accessible”. Accordingly, parties should take care to ensure that the warranties given by a charterer to the owner accord with what is intended to be agreed with regard to the risk of delays, especially where fixtures are concluded on basis done terms.
Source: Ince & Co (By Michael Volikas, Antonia Jackson)


If you believe an article violates your rights or the rights of others, please contact us.

Recent News

Wednesday, 04 September 19
SHIPPING MARKET INSIGHT - INTERMODAL
For yet another time, the market seems to have its own drivers. After a very disappointing first half, the recent recovery in the shipping market i ...


Tuesday, 20 August 19
NORDEN HAS BEEN AWARDED A 3-YEAR CONTRACT FOR THE TRANSPORTATION OF COAL FROM INDONESIA TO HONG KONG
NORDEN has been awarded a 3-year contract with a power company in Hong Kong for the transportation of coal from Indonesia to Hong Kong.   ...


Tuesday, 20 August 19
THE AUGUST 2019 INDONESIAN COAL PRICE REFERENCE POSTS THE FIRST MONTHLY GAIN SINCE AUGUST 2018
COALspot.com: The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia has revised up the benchmark price of Indonesian thermal co ...


Monday, 19 August 19
INDONESIAN COAL RUNS, A 82,000DWT SHIP WAS FIXED DELIVERY CHINA VIA INDONESIA, REDELIVERY JAPAN, IN THE MID $16,000S - BALTIC BRIEFING
Capesize The Capesize market was buoyant in both basins this week, posting gains across the board. After bottoming out the previous week, rates ...


Sunday, 11 August 19
ULTRAMAX: A 58,000DWT VESSEL OPEN KEMAMAN FIXED FOR TWO TO THREE LADEN LEGS, REDELIVERY SINGAPORE-JAPAN, AT $12,250 - BALTIC BRIEFING
Capesize With typhoon Lekima gathering pace, numerous China ports were closed by the end of the week and will likely be for two to three days. ...


   5 6 7 8 9   
Showing 31 to 35 news of total 5554
News by Category
Popular News
 
Total Members : 26,537
Member
Panelist
User ID
Password
Remember Me
By logging on you accept our TERMS OF USE.
Free
Register
Forgot Password
 
Our Members Are From ...

  • Orica Australia Pty. Ltd.
  • Sindya Power Generating Company Private Ltd
  • Carbofer General Trading SA - India
  • Parry Sugars Refinery, India
  • Enel Italy
  • Anglo American - United Kingdom
  • Maybank - Singapore
  • Madhucon Powers Ltd - India
  • TeaM Sual Corporation - Philippines
  • Maruti Cements - India
  • Bukit Baiduri Energy - Indonesia
  • Bangkok Bank PCL
  • Inco-Indonesia
  • The University of Queensland
  • Tata Power - India
  • Uttam Galva Steels Limited - India
  • Salva Resources Pvt Ltd - India
  • J M Baxi & Co - India
  • Fearnleys - India
  • Ind-Barath Power Infra Limited - India
  • Pendopo Energi Batubara - Indonesia
  • Latin American Coal - Colombia
  • Tanito Harum - Indonesia
  • Filglen & Citicon Mining (HK) Ltd - Hong Kong
  • ING Bank NV - Singapore
  • TNB Fuel Sdn Bhd - Malaysia
  • Metalloyd Limited - United Kingdom
  • Deutsche Bank - India
  • CCIC - Indonesia
  • Formosa Plastics Group - Taiwan
  • TNPL - India
  • European Bulk Services B.V. - Netherlands
  • Timah Investasi Mineral - Indoneisa
  • Savvy Resources Ltd - HongKong
  • Coeclerici Indonesia
  • Merrill Lynch Commodities Europe
  • Kalimantan Lumbung Energi - Indonesia
  • Bhushan Steel Limited - India
  • Reliance Power - India
  • SRK Consulting
  • TANGEDCO India
  • Platou - Singapore
  • PetroVietnam Power Coal Import and Supply Company
  • Power Finance Corporation Ltd., India
  • Xstrata Coal
  • RBS Sempra - UK
  • U S Energy Resources
  • UBS Singapore
  • Eastern Coal Council - USA
  • Indian School of Mines
  • Xindia Steels Limited - India
  • Kartika Selabumi Mining - Indonesia
  • Central Electricity Authority - India
  • Coal and Oil Company - UAE
  • Oldendorff Carriers - Singapore
  • Glencore India Pvt. Ltd
  • Independent Power Producers Association of India
  • Makarim & Taira - Indonesia
  • Kobe Steel Ltd - Japan
  • Ambuja Cements Ltd - India
  • Jorong Barutama Greston.PT - Indonesia
  • Adani Power Ltd - India
  • bp singapore
  • Economic Council, Georgia
  • Karbindo Abesyapradhi - Indoneisa
  • Shenhua Group - China
  • Edison Trading Spa - Italy
  • Agrawal Coal Company - India
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  • CESC Limited - India
  • Bank of America
  • Idemitsu - Japan
  • SMG Consultants - Indonesia
  • Freeport Indonesia
  • The Treasury - Australian Government
  • Global Coal Blending Company Limited - Australia
  • Miang Besar Coal Terminal - Indonesia
  • Simpson Spence & Young - Indonesia
  • Kobexindo Tractors - Indoneisa
  • Planning Commission, India
  • Rudhra Energy - India
  • Surastha Cement
  • Ministry of Finance - Indonesia
  • Dr Ramakrishna Prasad Power Pvt Ltd - India
  • McKinsey & Co - India
  • IOL Indonesia
  • Total Coal South Africa
  • Vitol - Bahrain
  • Parliament of New Zealand
  • Kapuas Tunggal Persada - Indonesia
  • ANZ Bank - Australia
  • BRS Brokers - Singapore
  • Cement Manufacturers Association - India
  • Africa Commodities Group - South Africa
  • Bahari Cakrawala Sebuku - Indonesia
  • Lafarge - France
  • Meenaskhi Energy Private Limited - India
  • Wood Mackenzie - Singapore
  • Malco - India
  • Geoservices-GeoAssay Lab
  • Sakthi Sugars Limited - India
  • Tata Chemicals Ltd - India
  • Shree Cement - India
  • Gujarat Mineral Development Corp Ltd - India
  • ACC Limited - India
  • Sical Logistics Limited - India
  • HSBC - Hong Kong
  • NALCO India
  • Bhoruka Overseas - Indonesia
  • UOB Asia (HK) Ltd
  • Asia Cement - Taiwan
  • Mitsui
  • Wilmar Investment Holdings
  • Mercator Lines Limited - India
  • Ince & co LLP
  • Renaissance Capital - South Africa
  • Dong Bac Coal Mineral Investment Coporation - Vietnam
  • WorleyParsons
  • SGS (Thailand) Limited
  • Standard Chartered Bank - UAE
  • Infraline Energy - India
  • JPower - Japan
  • Mitsubishi Corporation
  • Humpuss - Indonesia
  • Vedanta Resources Plc - India
  • Thailand Anthracite
  • Riau Bara Harum - Indonesia
  • ICICI Bank Limited - India
  • Arutmin Indonesia
  • Directorate Of Revenue Intelligence - India
  • Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
  • Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission - India
  • Indo Tambangraya Megah - Indonesia
  • KPMG - USA
  • PNOC Exploration Corporation - Philippines
  • Sojitz Corporation - Japan
  • Singapore Mercantile Exchange
  • Aditya Birla Group - India
  • PTC India Limited - India
  • Ernst & Young Pvt. Ltd.
  • Bulk Trading Sa - Switzerland
  • Mercuria Energy - Indonesia
  • Deloitte Consulting - India
  • GHCL Limited - India
  • Bank of China, Malaysia
  • Asmin Koalindo Tuhup - Indonesia
  • Orica Mining Services - Indonesia
  • Siam City Cement - Thailand
  • Thermax Limited - India
  • Goldman Sachs - Singapore
  • NTPC Limited - India
  • Billiton Holdings Pty Ltd - Australia
  • Inspectorate - India
  • Sree Jayajothi Cements Limited - India
  • International Coal Ventures Pvt Ltd - India
  • India Bulls Power Limited - India
  • Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission - India
  • Essar Steel Hazira Ltd - India
  • Directorate General of MIneral and Coal - Indonesia
  • GVK Power & Infra Limited - India
  • Aboitiz Power Corporation - Philippines
  • Arch Coal - USA
  • Coalindo Energy - Indonesia
  • Vizag Seaport Private Limited - India
  • Ministry of Transport, Egypt
  • Panama Canal Authority
  • KEPCO - South Korea
  • Barclays Capital - USA
  • Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Japan
  • Krishnapatnam Port Company Ltd. - India
  • Jatenergy - Australia
  • Banpu Public Company Limited - Thailand
  • KPCL - India
  • Permata Bank - Indonesia
  • World Bank
  • EMO - The Netherlands
  • Chamber of Mines of South Africa
  • Qatrana Cement - Jordan
  • Globalindo Alam Lestari - Indonesia
  • Offshore Bulk Terminal Pte Ltd, Singapore
  • Grasim Industreis Ltd - India
  • Noble Europe Ltd - UK
  • Indorama - Singapore
  • VISA Power Limited - India
  • Eastern Energy - Thailand
  • GB Group - China
  • Posco Energy - South Korea
  • Japan Coal Energy Center
  • Jindal Steel & Power Ltd - India
  • The India Cements Ltd
  • Runge Indonesia
  • Kumho Petrochemical, South Korea
  • Russian Coal LLC
  • Mechel - Russia
  • White Energy Company Limited
  • Malabar Cements Ltd - India
  • Indonesian Coal Mining Association
  • Bukit Asam (Persero) Tbk - Indonesia
  • London Commodity Brokers - England
  • Mintek Dendrill Indonesia
  • Asian Development Bank
  • BNP Paribas - Singapore
  • Adaro Indonesia
  • Karaikal Port Pvt Ltd - India
  • Star Paper Mills Limited - India
  • Borneo Indobara - Indonesia
  • Commonwealth Bank - Australia
  • Kideco Jaya Agung - Indonesia
  • Ministry of Mines - Canada
  • Heidelberg Cement - Germany
  • Samsung - South Korea
  • Cosco
  • Coastal Gujarat Power Limited - India
  • Bharathi Cement Corporation - India
  • Marubeni Corporation - India
  • globalCOAL - UK
  • Mitra SK Pvt Ltd - India
  • Barasentosa Lestari - Indonesia
  • Australian Commodity Traders Exchange
  • Coaltrans Conferences
  • Leighton Contractors Pty Ltd - Australia
  • Trasteel International SA, Italy
  • Britmindo - Indonesia
  • Pinang Coal Indonesia
  • Thai Mozambique Logistica
  • South Luzon Thermal Energy Corporation
  • CIMB Investment Bank - Malaysia
  • CNBM International Corporation - China
  • Kohat Cement Company Ltd. - Pakistan
  • DBS Bank - Singapore
  • Gresik Semen - Indonesia
  • Alfred C Toepfer International GmbH - Germany
  • Tamil Nadu electricity Board
  • Siam City Cement PLC, Thailand
  • GMR Energy Limited - India
  • OPG Power Generation Pvt Ltd - India
  • PowerSource Philippines DevCo
  • Credit Suisse - India
  • ETA - Dubai
  • OCBC - Singapore
  • KOWEPO - South Korea
  • MS Steel International - UAE
  • Central Java Power - Indonesia
  • Energy Link Ltd, New Zealand
  • Indogreen Group - Indonesia
  • PLN - Indonesia
  • Intertek Mineral Services - Indonesia
  • Videocon Industries ltd - India
  • New Zealand Coal & Carbon
  • APGENCO India
  • Clarksons - UK
  • Platts
  • Bayan Resources Tbk. - Indonesia
  • Holcim Trading Pte Ltd - Singapore
  • PetroVietnam
  • Interocean Group of Companies - India
  • EIA - United States
  • Medco Energi Mining Internasional
  • Indonesia Power. PT
  • Cargill India Pvt Ltd
  • Core Mineral Indonesia
  • SUEK AG - Indonesia
  • Berau Coal - Indonesia
  • Maheswari Brothers Coal Limited - India
  • McConnell Dowell - Australia
  • Bukit Makmur.PT - Indonesia
  • Bangladesh Power Developement Board
  • Manunggal Multi Energi - Indonesia
  • Altura Mining Limited, Indonesia
  • World Coal - UK
  • Coal India Limited
  • Cemex - Philippines
  • Antam Resourcindo - Indonesia
  • Thiess Contractors Indonesia
  • Merrill Lynch Bank
  • Binh Thuan Hamico - Vietnam
  • Sinarmas Energy and Mining - Indonesia
  • MEC Coal - Indonesia
  • SASOL - South Africa
  • Coal Orbis AG
  • Port Waratah Coal Services - Australia
  • GAC Shipping (India) Pvt Ltd
  • ASAPP Information Group - India
  • Indika Energy - Indonesia
  • Bhatia International Limited - India
  • CoalTek, United States
  • PLN Batubara - Indonesia
  • Australian Coal Association
  • Thriveni
  • Romanian Commodities Exchange
  • Petrosea - Indonesia
  • JPMorgan - India
  • Cardiff University - UK
  • Gupta Coal India Ltd
  • Cigading International Bulk Terminal - Indonesia
  • Rio Tinto Coal - Australia
  • Minerals Council of Australia
  • Petrochimia International Co. Ltd.- Taiwan
  • Moodys - Singapore
  • Vijayanagar Sugar Pvt Ltd - India
  • IBC Asia (S) Pte Ltd
  • Maersk Broker
  • Peabody Energy - USA
  • Chettinad Cement Corporation Ltd - India
  • GNFC Limited - India
  • LBH Netherlands Bv - Netherlands
  • Vale Mozambique
  • Argus Media - Singapore
  • IMC Shipping - Singapore
  • Sucofindo - Indonesia
  • Kaltim Prima Coal - Indonesia
  • Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd, - India
  • Jaiprakash Power Ventures ltd
  • Georgia Ports Authority, United States
  • Samtan Co., Ltd - South Korea
  • Ceylon Electricity Board - Sri Lanka
  • IHS Mccloskey Coal Group - USA
  • Mjunction Services Limited - India
  • Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd
  • Straits Asia Resources Limited - Singapore
  • Truba Alam Manunggal Engineering.Tbk - Indonesia
  • Gujarat Sidhee Cement - India
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited - India
  • Lanco Infratech Ltd - India
  • Thomson Reuters GRC
  • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited - India
  • The State Trading Corporation of India Ltd
  • IEA Clean Coal Centre - UK
  • Price Waterhouse Coopers - Russia
  • Attock Cement Pakistan Limited
  • Dalmia Cement Bharat India