COALspot.com keeps you connected across the coal world
  • THE MEoMR OF INDONESIA HAS REVISED DOWN FEBRUARY 2019 COAL PRICE REFERENCE FOR EXPORTS AND DOMESTIC BUYERS EXCEPT POWER PRODUCERS TO US$ 91.80 A TON
  • SHARE YOUR CORPORATE COAL & SHIPPING NEWS WITH US - NEWS@COALSPOT.COM
  • WE WELCOME ARTICLE SUBMISSIONS FROM EXPERTS IN THE AREAS OF COAL, MINING, SHIPPING, ETC.

Submit Your Articles
We welcome article submissions from experts in the areas of coal, mining, shipping, etc.

To Submit your article please click here.

International Energy Events


WTI Crude Oil

BRENT Crude Oil

Search News
Latest CoalNews Headlines
Tuesday, 26 June 18
"ALWAYS ACCESSIBLE": ARRIVAL, DEPARTURE OR BOTH? - INCE & CO
Ince & CoKNOWLEDGE TO ELEVATE

An “always accessible” berth warranty is often used by an owner to transfer the risk of delays in berthing to a charterer. The Commercial Court has now settled the debate as to whether that warranty also transfers the risk of delays in departing the berth post the completion of cargo operations to the charterer. The Court concluded that it did.
 
The background facts
The Vessel was chartered for a voyage from the US Gulf to the Republic of Congo and Angola, on an amended GENCON 1994 form which, amongst other things, provided:
 
“10. Loading port or place (Cl.1)
1 good safe berth always afloat always accessible 1-2 good safe ports in the USG in Charterers’ option …”
 
While the Vessel was loading, a bridge and lock were damaged with the result that the Vessel was unable to leave the berth for 14 days following the completion of loading. The Owners sought damages for detention from the Charterers and relied on what they said was a breach by the Charterers of the “always accessible” warranty. The dispute went to arbitration.
 
As the two party-appointed arbitrators could not agree, the claim was determined by an Umpire, who decided that the “always accessible” warranty given by the Charterers was not an undertaking that the Vessel would also be able to leave the berth. From the judgment, it appears that the Umpire’s decision was influenced by:
 
a. London Arbitration 11/97 (1997) LMLM 463, in which the Tribunal inferred “that charterers agreeing “always accessible” terms were under an obligation to provide a berth which was available immediately on arrival, but that that particular regime did not apply after the ship was actually in the berth”. This inference was drawn from the fact that: (i) the textbooks considered ignored the possible application of “always accessible” to the departure of a vessel from a berth; and (ii) the Voylayrules 1993 made no reference to a vessel leaving a berth or a port; and
 
b. The fact that the dictionary definition of “accessible” was concerned with access to rather than access from the berth.
 
The Owners were granted leave to appeal the Umpire’s decision pursuant to section 69 of the Arbitration Act 1996 on the ground that the question of law that arose was of general public importance. The Commercial Court subsequently had to decide whether the warranty in a voyage charterparty that a berth is “always accessible” means that the vessel is always able not only to enter, but also to leave, the berth.
 
The Court held that the Umpire’s decision was wrong in law. Where a charterer warrants that a berth is “always accessible”, they are warranting that the vessel will always be able to enter and leave the berth. In particular, the Court stated as follows:
 
a. The point was not decisive in London Arbitration 11/97 and that decision had not always been free from question when commentaries referred to it.
 
b. The Baltic Code 2003, 2007 and 2014 and the Laytime Definitions for Charterparties 2013 refer to the vessel’s departure from the berth.
 
c. If a wider selection of dictionaries was considered, then capable of “use” or usability could be found among the available meanings of accessibility and “use” was a word that could readily include departure. While this was not conclusive, it suggested that a dictionary alone cannot resolve a point of interpretation.
 
d. The question was whether the parties intended to provide for departure in the wording that they used. Where commercial parties addressed the question of the accessibility of a berth, there was no reason to conclude that they should be taken to have addressed entry alone. The reasonable commercial party looking at the subject of berthing would bear all aspects in mind and not confine themselves to getting into the berth. That was decisive.
 
e. There was a useful vocabulary from which parties could choose if “always accessible” applied to departures as well as entry and if “reachable on arrival” applied to entry alone.
 
Comment
As a result of this judgment, there is now a distinct difference between a warranty that the berth will be “reachable on arrival” and a warranty that the berth will be “always accessible”. Accordingly, parties should take care to ensure that the warranties given by a charterer to the owner accord with what is intended to be agreed with regard to the risk of delays, especially where fixtures are concluded on basis done terms.
Source: Ince & Co (By Michael Volikas, Antonia Jackson)


If you believe an article violates your rights or the rights of others, please contact us.

Recent News

Saturday, 16 February 19
COALTRANS CHINA 2019, CHINA'S LARGEST COAL INDUSTRY GATHERING
Press Release: Coaltrans China 2019 | With the import ban likely to be lifted, it’s time for you to meet your potentia ...


Wednesday, 13 February 19
MALAYSIA WAS THE REGION'S LARGEST COAL IMPORTER WITH 34 MT IN 2018, UP 25% Y-O-Y
Although coal market in 2018 started with strong prices, starting in the beginning of the second half of 2018, the international spot prices for co ...


Wednesday, 13 February 19
SHIPPING MARKET INSIGHT - INTERMODAL
If there is one word that can describe the current shipping environment then that this word is most probably “volatility.” The sentimen ...


Saturday, 09 February 19
SUPRAMAX: A 63,000-TONNER WAS REPORTED FIXED DELIVERY FOR AN EAST KALIMANTAN TRIP, REDELIVERY WEST COAST INDIA, AT $9,250 - THE BALTIC BRIEFING
Cape The Vale disaster weighed heavily on the market for big ships, with uncertainty about shipments/future exports leading to a sharp drop in ...


Friday, 08 February 19
LOWER-QUALITY INDONESIA EXPORTS ROSE 39 MT IN 2018 YOY PRIMARILY IN RESPONSE TO INCREASED DEMAND FROM CHINA AND INDIA - PEABODY
"Underlying seaborne met and thermal coal conditions remain quite positive and the pace of U.S. coal-fueled power plant retirements is expecte ...


   1 2 3 4 5   
Showing 1 to 5 news of total 5400
News by Category
Popular News
 
Total Members : 25,860
Member
Panelist
User ID
Password
Remember Me
By logging on you accept our TERMS OF USE.
Free
Register
Forgot Password
 
Our Members Are From ...

  • CCIC - Indonesia
  • Romanian Commodities Exchange
  • Gujarat Sidhee Cement - India
  • Kartika Selabumi Mining - Indonesia
  • Platou - Singapore
  • Sindya Power Generating Company Private Ltd
  • ETA - Dubai
  • KEPCO - South Korea
  • PLN - Indonesia
  • Ambuja Cements Ltd - India
  • GB Group - China
  • Borneo Indobara - Indonesia
  • Shree Cement - India
  • Malco - India
  • Bharathi Cement Corporation - India
  • CIMB Investment Bank - Malaysia
  • Globalindo Alam Lestari - Indonesia
  • Uttam Galva Steels Limited - India
  • Commonwealth Bank - Australia
  • Thomson Reuters GRC
  • Vale Mozambique
  • IEA Clean Coal Centre - UK
  • Mitra SK Pvt Ltd - India
  • Maersk Broker
  • EMO - The Netherlands
  • Lafarge - France
  • Maybank - Singapore
  • Medco Energi Mining Internasional
  • Tata Power - India
  • Barclays Capital - USA
  • Planning Commission, India
  • Bhushan Steel Limited - India
  • Reliance Power - India
  • ANZ Bank - Australia
  • Tata Chemicals Ltd - India
  • Miang Besar Coal Terminal - Indonesia
  • Goldman Sachs - Singapore
  • ACC Limited - India
  • PowerSource Philippines DevCo
  • London Commodity Brokers - England
  • Bangladesh Power Developement Board
  • Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd, - India
  • Standard Chartered Bank - UAE
  • Karbindo Abesyapradhi - Indoneisa
  • IMC Shipping - Singapore
  • NTPC Limited - India
  • Bahari Cakrawala Sebuku - Indonesia
  • PNOC Exploration Corporation - Philippines
  • Leighton Contractors Pty Ltd - Australia
  • Glencore India Pvt. Ltd
  • Siam City Cement PLC, Thailand
  • The India Cements Ltd
  • Fearnleys - India
  • Adani Power Ltd - India
  • Posco Energy - South Korea
  • CESC Limited - India
  • Altura Mining Limited, Indonesia
  • Karaikal Port Pvt Ltd - India
  • Renaissance Capital - South Africa
  • European Bulk Services B.V. - Netherlands
  • New Zealand Coal & Carbon
  • Metalloyd Limited - United Kingdom
  • Central Electricity Authority - India
  • Asmin Koalindo Tuhup - Indonesia
  • Vizag Seaport Private Limited - India
  • VISA Power Limited - India
  • Argus Media - Singapore
  • Intertek Mineral Services - Indonesia
  • Deutsche Bank - India
  • Idemitsu - Japan
  • Ministry of Mines - Canada
  • Chettinad Cement Corporation Ltd - India
  • The State Trading Corporation of India Ltd
  • Eastern Coal Council - USA
  • McKinsey & Co - India
  • Thiess Contractors Indonesia
  • Berau Coal - Indonesia
  • Savvy Resources Ltd - HongKong
  • Coal and Oil Company - UAE
  • India Bulls Power Limited - India
  • SGS (Thailand) Limited
  • Cargill India Pvt Ltd
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  • Samtan Co., Ltd - South Korea
  • Coalindo Energy - Indonesia
  • Adaro Indonesia
  • Vitol - Bahrain
  • Sakthi Sugars Limited - India
  • GHCL Limited - India
  • TeaM Sual Corporation - Philippines
  • Samsung - South Korea
  • Energy Link Ltd, New Zealand
  • Enel Italy
  • Coeclerici Indonesia
  • Pinang Coal Indonesia
  • Bhoruka Overseas - Indonesia
  • Qatrana Cement - Jordan
  • Aboitiz Power Corporation - Philippines
  • Economic Council, Georgia
  • Core Mineral Indonesia
  • Jaiprakash Power Ventures ltd
  • Coaltrans Conferences
  • Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Japan
  • Jorong Barutama Greston.PT - Indonesia
  • ASAPP Information Group - India
  • UBS Singapore
  • Cardiff University - UK
  • Trasteel International SA, Italy
  • Parry Sugars Refinery, India
  • GVK Power & Infra Limited - India
  • Bukit Baiduri Energy - Indonesia
  • Parliament of New Zealand
  • WorleyParsons
  • Madhucon Powers Ltd - India
  • Mjunction Services Limited - India
  • Siam City Cement - Thailand
  • Directorate General of MIneral and Coal - Indonesia
  • Bayan Resources Tbk. - Indonesia
  • RBS Sempra - UK
  • World Coal - UK
  • Power Finance Corporation Ltd., India
  • PLN Batubara - Indonesia
  • Bank of China, Malaysia
  • Asia Cement - Taiwan
  • Dr Ramakrishna Prasad Power Pvt Ltd - India
  • Ernst & Young Pvt. Ltd.
  • Malabar Cements Ltd - India
  • SASOL - South Africa
  • EIA - United States
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited - India
  • Petrochimia International Co. Ltd.- Taiwan
  • PTC India Limited - India
  • Freeport Indonesia
  • Jatenergy - Australia
  • IHS Mccloskey Coal Group - USA
  • KOWEPO - South Korea
  • Latin American Coal - Colombia
  • Ministry of Transport, Egypt
  • Wilmar Investment Holdings
  • Kumho Petrochemical, South Korea
  • Arutmin Indonesia
  • J M Baxi & Co - India
  • Africa Commodities Group - South Africa
  • Runge Indonesia
  • Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission - India
  • Gujarat Mineral Development Corp Ltd - India
  • BNP Paribas - Singapore
  • The Treasury - Australian Government
  • Xstrata Coal
  • Kalimantan Lumbung Energi - Indonesia
  • JPower - Japan
  • Cement Manufacturers Association - India
  • Merrill Lynch Commodities Europe
  • DBS Bank - Singapore
  • Bhatia International Limited - India
  • Eastern Energy - Thailand
  • IBC Asia (S) Pte Ltd
  • Singapore Mercantile Exchange
  • Dalmia Cement Bharat India
  • MEC Coal - Indonesia
  • Geoservices-GeoAssay Lab
  • Rudhra Energy - India
  • Petrosea - Indonesia
  • Ind-Barath Power Infra Limited - India
  • Kobe Steel Ltd - Japan
  • Timah Investasi Mineral - Indoneisa
  • Kohat Cement Company Ltd. - Pakistan
  • Maruti Cements - India
  • Russian Coal LLC
  • Binh Thuan Hamico - Vietnam
  • PetroVietnam
  • ICICI Bank Limited - India
  • Cigading International Bulk Terminal - Indonesia
  • Thai Mozambique Logistica
  • Barasentosa Lestari - Indonesia
  • Britmindo - Indonesia
  • Shenhua Group - China
  • Central Java Power - Indonesia
  • Jindal Steel & Power Ltd - India
  • Arch Coal - USA
  • HSBC - Hong Kong
  • Bulk Trading Sa - Switzerland
  • Sojitz Corporation - Japan
  • APGENCO India
  • Clarksons - UK
  • SMG Consultants - Indonesia
  • Kapuas Tunggal Persada - Indonesia
  • Credit Suisse - India
  • Kaltim Prima Coal - Indonesia
  • Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission - India
  • Orica Australia Pty. Ltd.
  • KPCL - India
  • Thailand Anthracite
  • Australian Commodity Traders Exchange
  • Kideco Jaya Agung - Indonesia
  • Port Waratah Coal Services - Australia
  • Oldendorff Carriers - Singapore
  • Straits Asia Resources Limited - Singapore
  • Sinarmas Energy and Mining - Indonesia
  • Bangkok Bank PCL
  • Humpuss - Indonesia
  • Attock Cement Pakistan Limited
  • Wood Mackenzie - Singapore
  • Bank of America
  • Vijayanagar Sugar Pvt Ltd - India
  • White Energy Company Limited
  • Orica Mining Services - Indonesia
  • Riau Bara Harum - Indonesia
  • Global Coal Blending Company Limited - Australia
  • Ceylon Electricity Board - Sri Lanka
  • Price Waterhouse Coopers - Russia
  • GAC Shipping (India) Pvt Ltd
  • MS Steel International - UAE
  • Makarim & Taira - Indonesia
  • Indika Energy - Indonesia
  • Gupta Coal India Ltd
  • Agrawal Coal Company - India
  • The University of Queensland
  • Tanito Harum - Indonesia
  • Essar Steel Hazira Ltd - India
  • Thriveni
  • Sree Jayajothi Cements Limited - India
  • Rio Tinto Coal - Australia
  • Alfred C Toepfer International GmbH - Germany
  • OPG Power Generation Pvt Ltd - India
  • Billiton Holdings Pty Ltd - Australia
  • Indonesian Coal Mining Association
  • Minerals Council of Australia
  • U S Energy Resources
  • Indian School of Mines
  • TNPL - India
  • Kobexindo Tractors - Indoneisa
  • Bukit Makmur.PT - Indonesia
  • Marubeni Corporation - India
  • Inco-Indonesia
  • Lanco Infratech Ltd - India
  • Coal Orbis AG
  • Moodys - Singapore
  • Holcim Trading Pte Ltd - Singapore
  • Mitsui
  • Sucofindo - Indonesia
  • Bukit Asam (Persero) Tbk - Indonesia
  • Salva Resources Pvt Ltd - India
  • International Coal Ventures Pvt Ltd - India
  • KPMG - USA
  • Interocean Group of Companies - India
  • Grasim Industreis Ltd - India
  • Mintek Dendrill Indonesia
  • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited - India
  • TANGEDCO India
  • BRS Brokers - Singapore
  • PetroVietnam Power Coal Import and Supply Company
  • Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
  • Antam Resourcindo - Indonesia
  • ING Bank NV - Singapore
  • Mercuria Energy - Indonesia
  • SUEK AG - Indonesia
  • Mitsubishi Corporation
  • Edison Trading Spa - Italy
  • Xindia Steels Limited - India
  • Gresik Semen - Indonesia
  • Japan Coal Energy Center
  • Sical Logistics Limited - India
  • Banpu Public Company Limited - Thailand
  • Star Paper Mills Limited - India
  • bp singapore
  • Simpson Spence & Young - Indonesia
  • Indo Tambangraya Megah - Indonesia
  • Mercator Lines Limited - India
  • Carbofer General Trading SA - India
  • Asian Development Bank
  • globalCOAL - UK
  • OCBC - Singapore
  • Coal India Limited
  • CNBM International Corporation - China
  • Cosco
  • Truba Alam Manunggal Engineering.Tbk - Indonesia
  • GMR Energy Limited - India
  • Formosa Plastics Group - Taiwan
  • Inspectorate - India
  • McConnell Dowell - Australia
  • IOL Indonesia
  • Vedanta Resources Plc - India
  • Coastal Gujarat Power Limited - India
  • SRK Consulting
  • Indorama - Singapore
  • JPMorgan - India
  • Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd
  • Pendopo Energi Batubara - Indonesia
  • Thermax Limited - India
  • Georgia Ports Authority, United States
  • Meenaskhi Energy Private Limited - India
  • Permata Bank - Indonesia
  • TNB Fuel Sdn Bhd - Malaysia
  • Panama Canal Authority
  • Krishnapatnam Port Company Ltd. - India
  • CoalTek, United States
  • Surastha Cement
  • Aditya Birla Group - India
  • Mechel - Russia
  • Cemex - Philippines
  • Indogreen Group - Indonesia
  • Filglen & Citicon Mining (HK) Ltd - Hong Kong
  • LBH Netherlands Bv - Netherlands
  • NALCO India
  • South Luzon Thermal Energy Corporation
  • Infraline Energy - India
  • World Bank
  • GNFC Limited - India
  • Independent Power Producers Association of India
  • Manunggal Multi Energi - Indonesia
  • Australian Coal Association
  • UOB Asia (HK) Ltd
  • Anglo American - United Kingdom
  • Directorate Of Revenue Intelligence - India
  • Videocon Industries ltd - India
  • Peabody Energy - USA
  • Deloitte Consulting - India
  • Noble Europe Ltd - UK
  • Indonesia Power. PT
  • Dong Bac Coal Mineral Investment Coporation - Vietnam
  • Maheswari Brothers Coal Limited - India
  • Ministry of Finance - Indonesia
  • Merrill Lynch Bank
  • Heidelberg Cement - Germany
  • Offshore Bulk Terminal Pte Ltd, Singapore
  • Platts
  • Total Coal South Africa
  • Chamber of Mines of South Africa
  • Tamil Nadu electricity Board
  • Ince & co LLP