keeps you connected across the coal world

Submit Your Articles
We welcome article submissions from experts in the areas of coal, mining, shipping, etc.

To Submit your article please click here.

International Energy Events

WTI Crude Oil

BRENT Crude Oil

Search News
Latest CoalNews Headlines
Monday, 11 June 18
IMOThe International Maritime Organization answers the questions of Government Europa on how the next generation of autonomous vessels can be regulated to ensure safety for all involved.

With a myriad of emergent new technologies on the horizon of the maritime industry, such as autonomous vessels, it is vital that regulations are established to ensure the safety, security and efficiency of a new generation of ships. In May, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) – responsible for regulating international shipping – initiated its work into analysing the safety, security and environmental aspects of Maritime Autonomous Surface Ships (MASS). Under this, IMO will look towards how such vessels can be addressed under the instruments of the organisation. The International Maritime Organization answers the questions of Government Europa on how the next generation of vessels can be regulated to ensure safety for all involved.
How could autonomous vessels transform Europe’s maritime activities? What kind of issues could it eradicate?
This is not really a question we can answer, as there are many variables in Europe’s maritime activities which are outside IMO’s sphere. IMO, as the global regulatory body, sets the regulations for safe, secure and efficient shipping and for prevention of pollution by ships.
It is important to remember that when we talk about integrating new technologies in shipping, we need to balance the benefits derived from new and advancing technologies against:
-Safety and security concerns;
-The impact on the environment;
-International trade facilitation;
-The potential costs to the industry; and
-Their impact on personnel, both on board and ashore.
At 2017’s meeting of the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC), a plan to conduct a series of scoping exercises on MASS was scheduled. As the first stage of that scoping exercise was conducted in May, what safety implications have been identified as a result?
The scoping exercise at the moment is aimed at looking at the current regulations in relation to maritime autonomous surface ships. What we are looking at now is how the rules already adopted could be applied to a ship in various modes of autonomy. So, we are looking at each regulation and seeing whether it would apply to a ship in an autonomous mode, whether it would not apply at all, or do we need to have a new rule specifically for autonomous ships?
In order to carry out the scoping exercise of existing IMO regulations, and how they may pertain to MASS operations, IMO’s MSC has identified four different degrees of autonomy (in non-hierarchical order), recognising that a ship may operate at different degrees within a single voyage:
-Ship with automated processes and decision support: Seafarers are on board to operate and control shipboard systems and functions. Some operations may be automated.
-Remotely controlled ship with seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location, but seafarers are on board.
-Remotely controlled ship without seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location. There are no seafarers on board.
-Fully autonomous ship: The operating system of the ship is able to make decisions and determine actions by itself.
For the purpose of the regulatory scoping exercise, a “Maritime Autonomous Surface Ship (MASS)” is defined as a ship which, to a varying degree, can operate independently of human interaction.
The IMO scoping exercise will look at provisions in a number of treaties adopted by IMO over the years to set the rules for safe, secure and environmentally-friendly shipping.
These include the rules on:
-Construction, design and equipment in the IMO Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) convention;
-Collision regulations (COLREG);
-Rules on search and rescue at sea (SAR);
-Training of seafarers and fishers (STCW, STCW-F);
-Loading and stability (Load Lines);
-Tonnage measurement (Tonnage Convention); and
-Special trade passenger ship instruments for transport of large numbers of passengers, such as pilgrims, on certain voyages (SPACE STP, STP).
All European Union member states are also member states of IMO and (in the main) party to the IMO treaties under consideration. So, outcomes of IMO considerations may inform policy and regulation within the EU.
Have any vessels been identified by the MSC, or IMO, which show elements of potential for widespread deployment?
That has not been the aim of the Maritime Safety Committee at this stage. As a regulatory body, IMO is looking at the regulations and carrying out a scoping exercise. This is what the member states have requested. For now, fully autonomous ships are small in scale and may be for very specific purposes, such as surveying and so on. However, we do know that a number of countries and companies have expressed interest in autonomous shipping.
For example, Norway and Finland have test areas for trials of autonomous vessels; Denmark has been active in calling for international regulation on autonomous ships; and the United Kingdom ship register has under its flag the ASV C-Worker 7 autonomous vessel. There are also research projects under way, for example, the EU’s FP7 project, Maritime Unmanned Navigation through Intelligence in Networks (MUNIN) aims to develop a concept for an autonomous dry bulk carrier.
These are just some examples. The company building the YARA Birkeland, for example, plans to be able to operate it in autonomous mode from 2020. This ship is going to be quite small – able to carry around 100 containers. The big container ships operating today can carry more than 18,000 containers. So big ships operating in fully autonomous mode could be some years away, perhaps decades.
For now, fully autonomous vessels are small, while most predictions are that autonomous or semi-autonomous operation would be limited to short voyages, for example from one specific port to another, across a short distance.
How will the MSC continue its activities in looking at MASS going forward? And how will IMO and the MSC be involved in the debates and discussions surrounding autonomous vessels in Europe?
The first stage is the scoping exercise. The scoping exercise, planned to be completed by 2020, will identify current provisions in an agreed list of IMO instruments and assess how they may or may not be applicable to ships with varying degrees of autonomy, and/or whether they may preclude MASS operations.
As a second step, an analysis will be conducted to determine the most appropriate way of addressing MASS operations, taking into account inter alia: the human element, technology and operational factors.
As far as being involved in the debates, European countries, as member states of IMO, are invited to share their views and experiences with IMO. IMO and its meetings, like the Maritime Safety Committee, provide the fora where regulatory issues that impact on global shipping can be discussed. Member states (and NGOs in consultative status) can submit papers giving their views and experiences, such as research study outcomes. We also often see member states sharing their experiences, for example in side-event presentations during an IMO meeting.
Source: IMO

If you believe an article violates your rights or the rights of others, please contact us.

Recent News

Friday, 20 September 19
India aims to begin the process of holding the first round of commercial coal mining auctions December end, Minister for Coal, Mines and Parliament ...

Friday, 20 September 19
Economic slowdown has impacted coal import cargo in the first half of this fiscal, as overall cargo growth at major ports registered a marginal gro ...

Wednesday, 18 September 19
During the first week of September, I had the privilege of attending the Donsö Shipping Meet 2019, in Donsö, a small island of around 1,& ...

Tuesday, 17 September 19
The Panama Ship Registry has announced it will integrate in a single platform “Electronic Ship Registration System (ESRS)” the present ...

Tuesday, 17 September 19
Here we are again, just a breath before the final quarter of the year. Under typical circumstances and on the basis of what we have seen during the ...

   1 2 3 4 5   
Showing 1 to 5 news of total 5539
News by Category
Popular News
Total Members : 26,488
User ID
Remember Me
By logging on you accept our TERMS OF USE.
Forgot Password
Our Members Are From ...

  • ASAPP Information Group - India
  • GHCL Limited - India
  • Thomson Reuters GRC
  • Bukit Asam (Persero) Tbk - Indonesia
  • Parliament of New Zealand
  • Coastal Gujarat Power Limited - India
  • Globalindo Alam Lestari - Indonesia
  • CoalTek, United States
  • Asian Development Bank
  • Deutsche Bank - India
  • HSBC - Hong Kong
  • Siam City Cement - Thailand
  • Thai Mozambique Logistica
  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  • Kumho Petrochemical, South Korea
  • Indo Tambangraya Megah - Indonesia
  • Tata Power - India
  • Kaltim Prima Coal - Indonesia
  • Mjunction Services Limited - India
  • Freeport Indonesia
  • Attock Cement Pakistan Limited
  • CESC Limited - India
  • Coal India Limited
  • Directorate Of Revenue Intelligence - India
  • Pendopo Energi Batubara - Indonesia
  • Vedanta Resources Plc - India
  • TNB Fuel Sdn Bhd - Malaysia
  • Japan Coal Energy Center
  • Indorama - Singapore
  • Miang Besar Coal Terminal - Indonesia
  • BRS Brokers - Singapore
  • European Bulk Services B.V. - Netherlands
  • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited - India
  • Mercuria Energy - Indonesia
  • Riau Bara Harum - Indonesia
  • Mechel - Russia
  • Permata Bank - Indonesia
  • Renaissance Capital - South Africa
  • Videocon Industries ltd - India
  • SRK Consulting
  • Aditya Birla Group - India
  • Bharathi Cement Corporation - India
  • Petrosea - Indonesia
  • Chamber of Mines of South Africa
  • SASOL - South Africa
  • Noble Europe Ltd - UK
  • Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd, - India
  • Bank of America
  • ETA - Dubai
  • Rio Tinto Coal - Australia
  • Shenhua Group - China
  • NTPC Limited - India
  • IOL Indonesia
  • KOWEPO - South Korea
  • Salva Resources Pvt Ltd - India
  • Clarksons - UK
  • Anglo American - United Kingdom
  • NALCO India
  • Cardiff University - UK
  • Kobexindo Tractors - Indoneisa
  • Adaro Indonesia
  • Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Japan
  • Wood Mackenzie - Singapore
  • Humpuss - Indonesia
  • Orica Mining Services - Indonesia
  • Sinarmas Energy and Mining - Indonesia
  • International Coal Ventures Pvt Ltd - India
  • Barasentosa Lestari - Indonesia
  • Parry Sugars Refinery, India
  • Moodys - Singapore
  • Kideco Jaya Agung - Indonesia
  • Heidelberg Cement - Germany
  • Bulk Trading Sa - Switzerland
  • bp singapore
  • Australian Coal Association
  • Merrill Lynch Bank
  • Energy Link Ltd, New Zealand
  • Ceylon Electricity Board - Sri Lanka
  • Edison Trading Spa - Italy
  • World Coal - UK
  • Formosa Plastics Group - Taiwan
  • Vizag Seaport Private Limited - India
  • TANGEDCO India
  • The University of Queensland
  • Arch Coal - USA
  • Lanco Infratech Ltd - India
  • Minerals Council of Australia
  • Ernst & Young Pvt. Ltd.
  • Lafarge - France
  • ING Bank NV - Singapore
  • Adani Power Ltd - India
  • Independent Power Producers Association of India
  • Ambuja Cements Ltd - India
  • Xstrata Coal
  • Wilmar Investment Holdings
  • Coalindo Energy - Indonesia
  • Interocean Group of Companies - India
  • Medco Energi Mining Internasional
  • Samtan Co., Ltd - South Korea
  • Malco - India
  • IMC Shipping - Singapore
  • EMO - The Netherlands
  • White Energy Company Limited
  • PTC India Limited - India
  • Marubeni Corporation - India
  • Dr Ramakrishna Prasad Power Pvt Ltd - India
  • Bahari Cakrawala Sebuku - Indonesia
  • Enel Italy
  • VISA Power Limited - India
  • GVK Power & Infra Limited - India
  • Power Finance Corporation Ltd., India
  • GNFC Limited - India
  • IEA Clean Coal Centre - UK
  • Inspectorate - India
  • Platts
  • Krishnapatnam Port Company Ltd. - India
  • Jatenergy - Australia
  • Oldendorff Carriers - Singapore
  • Mitra SK Pvt Ltd - India
  • Maruti Cements - India
  • OCBC - Singapore
  • Romanian Commodities Exchange
  • The Treasury - Australian Government
  • ANZ Bank - Australia
  • Meenaskhi Energy Private Limited - India
  • Jorong Barutama Greston.PT - Indonesia
  • Asia Cement - Taiwan
  • Qatrana Cement - Jordan
  • Siam City Cement PLC, Thailand
  • CCIC - Indonesia
  • Economic Council, Georgia
  • Deloitte Consulting - India
  • Dong Bac Coal Mineral Investment Coporation - Vietnam
  • SMG Consultants - Indonesia
  • Maheswari Brothers Coal Limited - India
  • Rudhra Energy - India
  • Tanito Harum - Indonesia
  • Bangkok Bank PCL
  • Sree Jayajothi Cements Limited - India
  • Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission - India
  • South Luzon Thermal Energy Corporation
  • Jaiprakash Power Ventures ltd
  • ICICI Bank Limited - India
  • Tamil Nadu electricity Board
  • CNBM International Corporation - China
  • Makarim & Taira - Indonesia
  • Indogreen Group - Indonesia
  • Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
  • Borneo Indobara - Indonesia
  • Carbofer General Trading SA - India
  • Global Coal Blending Company Limited - Australia
  • Bangladesh Power Developement Board
  • Larsen & Toubro Limited - India
  • KPMG - USA
  • Ministry of Transport, Egypt
  • Offshore Bulk Terminal Pte Ltd, Singapore
  • Shree Cement - India
  • Platou - Singapore
  • Leighton Contractors Pty Ltd - Australia
  • globalCOAL - UK
  • Alfred C Toepfer International GmbH - Germany
  • Port Waratah Coal Services - Australia
  • Karaikal Port Pvt Ltd - India
  • Bayan Resources Tbk. - Indonesia
  • J M Baxi & Co - India
  • Ind-Barath Power Infra Limited - India
  • Indonesia Power. PT
  • Gupta Coal India Ltd
  • Dalmia Cement Bharat India
  • Sakthi Sugars Limited - India
  • Goldman Sachs - Singapore
  • Peabody Energy - USA
  • Coal Orbis AG
  • Kapuas Tunggal Persada - Indonesia
  • Truba Alam Manunggal Engineering.Tbk - Indonesia
  • Panama Canal Authority
  • Aboitiz Power Corporation - Philippines
  • Credit Suisse - India
  • Central Java Power - Indonesia
  • Price Waterhouse Coopers - Russia
  • Essar Steel Hazira Ltd - India
  • Mintek Dendrill Indonesia
  • OPG Power Generation Pvt Ltd - India
  • EIA - United States
  • IHS Mccloskey Coal Group - USA
  • TNPL - India
  • LBH Netherlands Bv - Netherlands
  • GAC Shipping (India) Pvt Ltd
  • Mercator Lines Limited - India
  • JPower - Japan
  • KEPCO - South Korea
  • Coeclerici Indonesia
  • Altura Mining Limited, Indonesia
  • Eastern Energy - Thailand
  • UOB Asia (HK) Ltd
  • Bhoruka Overseas - Indonesia
  • Chettinad Cement Corporation Ltd - India
  • Argus Media - Singapore
  • Manunggal Multi Energi - Indonesia
  • Billiton Holdings Pty Ltd - Australia
  • Madhucon Powers Ltd - India
  • Agrawal Coal Company - India
  • Total Coal South Africa
  • Cargill India Pvt Ltd
  • Gujarat Electricity Regulatory Commission - India
  • Sucofindo - Indonesia
  • London Commodity Brokers - England
  • Grasim Industreis Ltd - India
  • Posco Energy - South Korea
  • Vijayanagar Sugar Pvt Ltd - India
  • Merrill Lynch Commodities Europe
  • Coal and Oil Company - UAE
  • GMR Energy Limited - India
  • SUEK AG - Indonesia
  • Runge Indonesia
  • Vitol - Bahrain
  • Indika Energy - Indonesia
  • Sindya Power Generating Company Private Ltd
  • Filglen & Citicon Mining (HK) Ltd - Hong Kong
  • Bukit Makmur.PT - Indonesia
  • Bank of Tokyo Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd
  • Ministry of Mines - Canada
  • Central Electricity Authority - India
  • Bhushan Steel Limited - India
  • BNP Paribas - Singapore
  • U S Energy Resources
  • Xindia Steels Limited - India
  • Indian School of Mines
  • Metalloyd Limited - United Kingdom
  • Mitsubishi Corporation
  • Barclays Capital - USA
  • GB Group - China
  • Uttam Galva Steels Limited - India
  • Trasteel International SA, Italy
  • Savvy Resources Ltd - HongKong
  • Intertek Mineral Services - Indonesia
  • Simpson Spence & Young - Indonesia
  • Gujarat Mineral Development Corp Ltd - India
  • Mitsui
  • Inco-Indonesia
  • Tata Chemicals Ltd - India
  • RBS Sempra - UK
  • Gujarat Sidhee Cement - India
  • Singapore Mercantile Exchange
  • Samsung - South Korea
  • The State Trading Corporation of India Ltd
  • SGS (Thailand) Limited
  • ACC Limited - India
  • Thermax Limited - India
  • Sical Logistics Limited - India
  • Idemitsu - Japan
  • Bank of China, Malaysia
  • UBS Singapore
  • PLN - Indonesia
  • WorleyParsons
  • Asmin Koalindo Tuhup - Indonesia
  • McConnell Dowell - Australia
  • CIMB Investment Bank - Malaysia
  • Bhatia International Limited - India
  • IBC Asia (S) Pte Ltd
  • Reliance Power - India
  • Directorate General of MIneral and Coal - Indonesia
  • Georgia Ports Authority, United States
  • Coaltrans Conferences
  • Surastha Cement
  • Cosco
  • Banpu Public Company Limited - Thailand
  • Jindal Steel & Power Ltd - India
  • New Zealand Coal & Carbon
  • Sojitz Corporation - Japan
  • Britmindo - Indonesia
  • Thiess Contractors Indonesia
  • Cement Manufacturers Association - India
  • Orica Australia Pty. Ltd.
  • Bukit Baiduri Energy - Indonesia
  • PLN Batubara - Indonesia
  • India Bulls Power Limited - India
  • Kobe Steel Ltd - Japan
  • Core Mineral Indonesia
  • The India Cements Ltd
  • Straits Asia Resources Limited - Singapore
  • Standard Chartered Bank - UAE
  • Petrochimia International Co. Ltd.- Taiwan
  • Maersk Broker
  • Russian Coal LLC
  • Australian Commodity Traders Exchange
  • Karbindo Abesyapradhi - Indoneisa
  • Infraline Energy - India
  • JPMorgan - India
  • Star Paper Mills Limited - India
  • Vale Mozambique
  • Ministry of Finance - Indonesia
  • Cemex - Philippines
  • Kalimantan Lumbung Energi - Indonesia
  • PowerSource Philippines DevCo
  • PetroVietnam Power Coal Import and Supply Company
  • Gresik Semen - Indonesia
  • Malabar Cements Ltd - India
  • Timah Investasi Mineral - Indoneisa
  • Maybank - Singapore
  • Thriveni
  • Berau Coal - Indonesia
  • MEC Coal - Indonesia
  • Cigading International Bulk Terminal - Indonesia
  • Glencore India Pvt. Ltd
  • Pinang Coal Indonesia
  • Commonwealth Bank - Australia
  • Kohat Cement Company Ltd. - Pakistan
  • Eastern Coal Council - USA
  • Latin American Coal - Colombia
  • Fearnleys - India
  • Ince & co LLP
  • Arutmin Indonesia
  • Geoservices-GeoAssay Lab
  • Kartika Selabumi Mining - Indonesia
  • PNOC Exploration Corporation - Philippines
  • Thailand Anthracite
  • World Bank
  • PetroVietnam
  • TeaM Sual Corporation - Philippines
  • Planning Commission, India
  • McKinsey & Co - India
  • KPCL - India
  • Indonesian Coal Mining Association
  • Holcim Trading Pte Ltd - Singapore
  • Binh Thuan Hamico - Vietnam
  • DBS Bank - Singapore
  • Africa Commodities Group - South Africa
  • MS Steel International - UAE
  • APGENCO India
  • Antam Resourcindo - Indonesia